“自然光”一词增添了新的含义【欧宝体育】

这项研究为了利用基因工程的高级形式——制造生物学而受到关注的不仅仅是目标大胆。这项研究的融资也以DIY方式展开:2周后kickstarter网络上约有4500名出资者,承诺投资最多25万美元(约theeffortisnotthefirstofitskind

本文摘要:这项研究为了利用基因工程的高级形式——制造生物学而受到关注的不仅仅是目标大胆。这项研究的融资也以DIY方式展开:2周后kickstarter网络上约有4500名出资者,承诺投资最多25万美元(约theeffortisnotthefirstofitskind

闪烁

hopingtogivenewmeaningtothetermnaturallight是asmallgroupofbiotechnologyhobbyistsandentrepreneurshasstartedaprojecttodeveloplight potentiallyleadingthewayfortreesthatcanreplaceelectricstreetlampsandpottedflowersluminousenoughtoreadby .“自然光”一词增添了新的含义在积极开展闪烁植物研究的基础上,也许可以开发代替路灯的树根和读者可以使用的灯壶花卉。The project,whichwilluseasophisticatedformofgeneticengineeringcalledsyntheticbiology,isattractingattentionnotonlyforitsaudaci but for how it is being carried out .这项研究为了利用基因工程的高级形式——制造生物学而受到关注的不仅仅是目标大胆。ratherthanbeingtheworkofacorporationoranacademiclaboratory, itwillbedonebyasmallgroupofhobbyistscientistsinoneofthegrowingnumberofcommunallaboratoriesspringuparoundthenationasbiotec hnn togiverisetoado-it-yourself movement .这项研究不是在企业或学术实验室完成的,由科学家关注小组在公共实验室完成,生物技术的成本已经足够低。theprojectisalsobeingfinancedinad.I.y.sort of way : ithasattractedmorethan $ 250,000 inpledgesfromabout 4。

500 donorsinabouttwoweeksonthewebsitekickstarter .这项研究的融资也以DIY方式展开: 2周后kickstarter网络上约有4500名出资者,承诺投资最多25万美元(约theeffortisnotthefirstofitskind.auniversitygroupcreatedaglowingtobaccoplantafewyearsagobyimplantingggenesfromarinebacterine t twassodimthatitcouldbeperceivedonlyifoneobservedtheplantforatleastfiveminutesinadarkroom .这样的研究在几年前,一个大学社区种植了闪烁的海洋细菌但是,收到的光太暗了,所以只有在暗室里仔细观察至少5秒钟后才能感觉到光。The new projects goals,at least initially, aresimilarlymodest.wehopetohaveaplantwhichyoucanvisiblyseeinthedark (like glow-in-the-dark paint ),butdontexpecttoreplaceyous 被称为the projects Kickstarter page says .的新研究目标,至少是可行性目标,在某种程度上是激进的。在研究的Kickstarter网站上,他说:“我希望制造出在黑暗中能看到的植物(就像夜光颜料一样),但不要确信1.0版会取代你的电灯。

” butpartofthegoalismorecontroversial : topublicizedo-it-yourselfsyntheticbiologyandtoinspireotherstocreatenewlivingthers miss some是criticsarealarmedattheideaoftinkererscreatinglivingsintheirgarages.theyfearthatmaliciousorganismsmaybecreated, eitherintentionallyorbyaccident .有推进DIY制造生物的理念和“促使别人制造新生物”的争论目标。这可能对一些人真的很振奋,但批评者对这种能在自家车库制造生物的创造者的想法保持警惕。他们害怕可能危害生物,无论是故意还是交通事故。Two environmental organizations,friendsoftheearthandtheetcgroup,havewrittentokickstarterandtotheagriculturedepartment, whichregulatesgeneticallymodifiedcrops是inanefforttoshutdowntheglowingplanteffort .两个环境保护团体地球之友(Friends of the Earth )和ETC的组织) theprojectwillikelyresultinwidespread是randomanduncontrolledreleaseofbioengineeredseedsandplantsproducedthroughthecontroverse thetwogroupssaidintheirletterdemandingthatkickstarterremovetheprojectfromitswebsite .的两组是kickstarter从该网站取消该项利用危险的生物技术生产的生物工程种子和植物往往会引起大范围、随机和不受控制的蔓延。

“theynotethattheprojecthaspledgedtodeliverseedstomanyofits 4, 000contributors是, makingitperhapsthefirst-everintentionalenvironmentalreleaseofanavowedlysyntheticbiologyorganismanywhereintheworld.kicks hecris withtheprojectsorganizers.theagriculturedepartmenthasnotyetreplied .表示,这项研究已经答应了4000多位支持者。Kickstarter让批评者向项目的主办者传达了他们的担忧。

利用

利用

农业部还没有恢复。Antony Evans,themanageroftheglowingplantproject,saidinaninterviewthattheactivitywouldbesafe .这个闪烁植物项目的经理安东尼埃文斯(Ann whatwearedoingisveryidenticaltowhathasbeendoneinresearchlaboratoriesandbiginstitutionsfor 20 years,he said. Still, head dill weareverycognizantoftheprecedentwearesettingwithedo-it-yourselfprojectandthatsomeofthemoneyraisedwouldbeusedtoexple 他说:“我们开展的研究与研究室和大规模机构在过去20年间开展的研究完全相同。” 他还补充说,关于DIY项目,“我很理解我们生产什么样的先例”,并说将部分采购资金用于探究公共政策的问题。

研究

制作syntheticbiologyisanebuloustermanditisdifficulttosayhow,if at all,itdiffersfromgeneticengineering .生物学是一个模糊的概念,很难。In its simplest form是, geneticengineeringinvolvessnippingageneoutofoneorganismandpastingitintothednaofanother.syntheticbiologytypicallyinvolvessystee rted,providingtheflexibilitytogobeyondthegenesfoundinnature .基因工程最简单的形式是从一个有机体内提取一个基因,然后将其移植到另一个有机物的DNA中。制造生物学一般是制造可移植的DNA,同时具有远远超出自然界某些基因范围的灵活性。

theglowingplantprojectisthebrainchildofmr.Evans,atechnologyentrepreneurinsanfrancisco,and Omri Amirav-Drory, abiochemist.theymetatsingularityuniversity,aprogramthatintroducesentrepreneurstofuturistictechnology .这个闪烁植物项目是珊瑚他们是在向奇点大学(Singularity University )的创业者说明未来主义技术的项目上认识的。DR.Amirav-Droryrunsacompanycalledgenomecompiler, whichmakesaprogramthatcanbeusedtodesigndnasequences.when the sequences itistransmittedtoamail-orderfoundrythatsynthesizesthedna 排序完成后,不会被告知拒绝接受零售商的工厂制造DNA。

Kyle Taylor、whoreceivedhisdoctorateinmolecularandcellbiologyatstanfordlastyear、 willbeinchargeofputtingthesyntheticdnaintotheplant.theresearchwillbedone,at least initially,at BioCurious, acommunallaboratoryinsiliconvalleythatdescribesitselfasahackerspaceforbiotech .去年在斯坦福大学(Stanford )获得分子和细胞生物学博士学位的凯尔这项研究将在BioCurious研究所完成。最低限度的可行性研究。

BioCurious是位于硅谷的公共实验室,被称为“生物技术黑客空间”。whetheritwilleverbepossibletoreplacelightbulbsremainstobeseenanddependstosomeextentonhowmuchoftheplantsenergycanbedevotedtolightproductionwhilestillallowingtheplanttogrow.Mr.evanssaidhisgroupcalculated是albeit wit thatatreethatcoversagroundareaof 10 meters (nearly 33 feet ) by 10 metersmightbeabletocastasmuchlightasastreetlamp .闪烁植物代替灯泡还在等待埃文斯说,虽然不存在很多假设,但他的小组还在计算中,可能能复盖面积100平方米的地区的大树能创造出有路灯的亮度。

whiletheagriculturedepartmentregulatesgeneticallymodifiedplants,itdoessounderalawcoveringplantpests .农业部监督转基因植物,但正在利用Todd Kuiken,seniorresearchassociateatthewoodrowwilsoncenterinwashington, whohasbeenstudyingthegovernanceofbothsyntheticbiologyandthedo-it-yourself movement, saidtheglowingplantprojectwasanidealtestcase .华盛顿伍德威尔逊国际学者中心(Woodrow Wilson Center )高级研究助理托德奎恩(Todd Kuiken ) 关于制造生物学itexposesthegapsandholesintheregulatorystructure,while it is,I would argue, asafeproductinthegrandschemeofthings, dr.kuikensaid.aseriouslookneedstobetakenattheregulatorysystemtoseeifitcanhandlethequestionssyntheticbiologyisgoingtoraing监督。

本文关键词:生物学,生物,制造,欧宝体育,植物,闪烁

本文来源:欧宝体育-www.viagraaga.com

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